Thursday, 19 April 2012
World Bank claims that about 32 million Nigerians defecate in the open....true or false?
The World Bank on Monday said 32 million Nigerians had no means of defecation and as such pass faeces in the open.
The report, titled, “Economic impacts of poor sanitation in Africa,” covered Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Republic of Congo, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.
“The desk study, Economic Impacts of Poor Sanitation in Africa, found the majority of these costs to production come from annual premature deaths, including children under the age of five, due to diarrheal disease. Nearly 90 percent of these deaths are directly attributable to poor water, sanitation, and hygiene. Other significant costs were productivity losses from poor sanitation, and time lost through the practice of open defecation.
Adverse impacts of inadequate sanitation that are likely to be significant, but difficult and expensive to estimate, include the costs of epidemic outbreaks; losses in trade and tourism revenue; impact of unsafe excreta disposal on water resources; and the long-term effects of poor sanitation on early childhood development,” the report’s Executive Summary said.
In the portion on Nigeria, it said, “Poor sanitation costs Nigeria 455 billion Naira each year, equivalent to US$3 billion, according to a desk study carried out by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).
“This sum is the equivalent of US$20 per person in Nigeria per year or 1.3% of the national GDP.”
It also said 70 million Nigerians use unsanitary or shared latrines.
It also said “the poorest quintile is 10 times more likely to practice open defection than the richest.
Open defecation costs Nigeria US$1 billion per year – yet eliminating the practice would require
less than 6.5 million latrines to be built and used.”
The World Bank warned that “open defecation not only has higher costs than any other sanitation
practise, it has considerable advers